Internationally, schools are responding to the Covid-19 pandemic using various models of reopening depending on local infection rates. Some schools impose strict social distancing limits between students, while others allow them to mix freely. Some require all staff and students to wear masks, while others make this optional. And some schools are open to every student every day, while others will teach groups of students on alternate days. So, how is Singapore bringing children back to school?
Singapore was one of the first countries to reopen its schools (and one of the last to close them) – and schools initially reopened on June 2 with students alternating between home-based learning and classes on campus. From June 29, as Singapore moved into Phase 2 of its post-circuit breaker, students in all year groups returned to campus daily, and schools resumed group activities in PE lessons and restarted some extra-curricular activities. It could still be months before Singapore reaches the third and final stage of its phased reopening, so what has changed since schools first reopened – and what remains the same?
St Joseph’s Institution (International) School, (pictured above) which follows a January to December academic year, is one of the first international schools to reopen after the summer break. High school principal Roisin Paul offers an insight into how schools are adjusting to the new normal.
“We have extensively ramped up our safe management measures to provide a safe environment for the return to school, with as much normality as possible, whilst ensuring the safety and wellbeing of our staff and students at all times. Aside from the existing measures guided by the various Ministries about wearing masks, temperature taking and SafeEntry, safe distancing is closely monitored by our teachers and staff.
“We have also implemented staggered starts and ends to the school day as well as lunchtimes to avoid crowding. Sanitation and disinfecting are also continuous across campus throughout the school day.”
As the majority of Singapore’s international students return for the start of the 2020-21 academic year, WhichSchoolAdvisor.com answers all your questions on how schools will reopen, what to expect for the year ahead, and how Singapore compares to other countries.
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A: No. All local pre-school staff have been tested for Covid-19; principals, teachers, cleaners and cooks are among those to be given a one-time swab test paid for by the government. And, since June 2, the Ministry of Health has been testing all school staff and older students aged 12 and over with acute respiratory infection (ARI).
Countries are taking different approaches to testing within schools. In the UK, for example, all schools and colleges will be provided with a small number of home testing kits for children or staff who develop symptoms while on campus; in Abu Dhabi in the UAE, all staff and students will be tested before being allowed into school for the start of term; and in the US, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention does not recommend universal testing of all students and staff in K-12 schools. Hong Kong is currently considering introducing mandatory testing for all children to allow it to reopen its schools, which currently remain closed until at least early September.
A: Campuses are typically places where students work around shared desks, children play tag in the playground, and young athletes tackle each other on the rugby pitch. Today, however, in Singapore’s schools, students are required to keep one metre apart, desks are being spaced one metre apart and must be forward-facing; and there is a one-way system in the corridors to minimise contact. Nothing is the same as before, but throughout the period of distance learning teachers and students have already proved their ability to cope with change.
In a recent survey of teachers in the UK by TES, a hub for the teaching community, 47% said that their biggest concern about going back to school was social distancing. And it’s easy to understand why. While many international schools with large campuses have the advantage of space and larger faculties to facilitate rotating schedules and fitting as many children into a classroom as possible while keeping them 1m apart, they still face the challenges of making major structural changes to their teaching environment.
Every student, every day. Students in all year groups can now return to campus daily, as long as they meet social distancing requirements. Most schools will keep groups of students within their own ‘protective bubble’, to avoid sharing resources and mixing with large groups of children. Timetables have been staggered to ensure that students do not all enter and leave school at the same time, and students are spending the majority of their school day within their home room or one classroom.
There is often no student food service on campus; instead, students should bring their own snacks and lunch from home. Tables in school canteens are limited to five students, with at least one-metre spacing between tables or groups.
In other parts of the world, the social distancing requirement varies between 1m and 2m. We’ve seen images of students in France playing in 'isolated squares' drawn in paint and chalk on the playground, and Chinese pupils wearing one-metre hats to practise social distancing in the classroom. In Denmark, early years students stay in small groups all day, in ‘protective bubbles’ rather than social distancing; micro-groups of children arrive at a separate time, eat their lunch separately, stay in their own zones in the playground and are taught by one teacher.
A: Yes, all staff and students must wear either a face mask or face shield. Children and siblings under two years of age are not required to wear a mask. As anyone leaving their home is required to wear a mask or face shield, parents must remember to wear one for school drop-off and pick-up.
The MOE says: “During PE lessons, students and PE teachers will not be required to wear masks when doing strenuous physical activities such as running and drills for warm-ups. They will have to put on their masks at other times.
“For recess, primary school students are encouraged to wear their face shields in the canteen while eating and drinking. Face masks need not be worn while eating and drinking but should be worn at all other times during recess.”
As schools have opened worldwide, we have seen different approaches to wearing masks. In Taiwan and South Korea, among other countries, schools have fitted plastic barriers on students’ desks to create protective cubicles. In Germany, students are only required to wear masks in common areas. And in New Zealand, Denmark and Sweden, masks for students are not required at all.
A: Students are advised to bring in their own water bottles to school, a mask (and a spare), and a pencil case filled with stationery to avoid needing to borrow equipment from their teachers or peers.
A: Schools are allowed to run group activities and small-sided games that involve minimal physical contact, such as badminton, table-tennis, volleyball, sepak takraw, with a limit of five students per group and safety measures.
Since July 27, the government has allowed secondary schools to resume “lower-risk” co-curricular activities such as basketball, badminton, tennis and computer club. There is a limit of 20 students per activity and all game rules will be modified to keep students will one-metre apart; all visitors, including coaches and instructors, will be screened by the school for flu-like symptoms.
The Ministry of Education said: “It is now timely to safely resume other important aspects of school life to support holistic student development.”
CCAs and school activities that remain suspended include Taekwondo sparring, rugby scrums, choirs, playing wind instruments, inter-school competitions, and activities held at external venues.
A: Many aspects of school that make it sociable and fun have been stripped back – the school assemblies, end of year plays, sports days, music events, and awards ceremonies. All school excursions and trips, including competitive sports with other schools, are currently cancelled until further notice. At Singapore American School, for example, all school-related student and employee travel is suspended until January 2021, and “trips from January 2021 onwards will be decided on no later than October 31, 2020”.
The cancellation of these events and gatherings will have a huge impact on school communities, as Roisin Hill at SJI (International) explains.
“The biggest change that will be felt for the rest of the year and perhaps through to the next is definitely the absence of expeditions and trips, concerts and musicals, tournaments, fairs, assemblies and other school events that feature in our annual calendar. These activities play a huge part in our holistic programme and are wonderful opportunities for our school to come together as a community.”
Governments worldwide are being steered by guidelines – The Framework for Reopening Schools – for the safe reopening of schools issued by UNESCO, UNICEF, WFP and World Bank. This framework includes prohibiting activities that require large gatherings, which is advice that is being widely followed.
A: If your child is travelling to school on public transport, they must wear a mask - face shields are not allowed. Safe distancing should be observed. All commuters are expected to stand on the green stickers placed on buses and trains, and it is not allowed to sit on seats labelled with orange stickers.
If driving, many schools are asking all parents to drop their children at ‘kiss and go’ zones rather than escorting them onto campus and into class.
Worldwide, parents have been barred from entering school grounds, and told to wave goodbye to their children at the gate; in New Zealand, for example, parents remained at the school gate when their children returned to the classroom in May.
A: All students must have a daily temperature check; students can only attend school if their temperature is below 37.6C/99.7F. Parents and helpers collecting their children must also have temperature checks taken before entering school grounds. Some schools have thermal cameras at the school gate to monitor temperature.
At schools including Singapore American School, parents are expected to take their child's temperature at home before school and log it into the school system.
Children worldwide are starting their school day with a temperature check, which is widely considered a key tool in keeping on top of the Covid-19 pandemic as a fever is one of the early signs of the virus. Adding this new procedure to the school day may slow down children coming into school, but it could prove vital.
A: Anyone entering a school campus will still have to use a national digital check-in system that enables contact tracers to find close contacts of infected cases. Launched by the Ministry of Health, the Safe Entry system is compulsory at all schools and pre-schools in Singapore, as well as workplaces like offices and factories, supermarkets, hospitals, malls and hotels. You will need your ID card at the school gate to sign in.
Singapore has had an extensive contact-tracing operation in place since mid-January, when the first cases of Covid-19 were reported, and this is believed to have played a significant role in its efforts to contain the spread of the virus. It remains one of the few countries in the world to use a national digital check-in system at its schools.
A: At all schools, students are required to submit a health and travel declaration form before term starts.
Once on campus, students should not share stationery, there are hand sanitisers across campuses, and school premises are being regularly cleaned and disinfected. Water fountains may be switched off as a possible source of contamination, and students must bring their own water bottles to school; the number of students using the toilets at any one time is strictly regulated.
It is universally acknowledged that schools need to be disinfected every day, there should be hand sanitisers around campuses, and students are encouraged to wash their hands frequently.
A: Parents are free to decide whether their child will attend an international school; however, there is no guarantee that all schools will continue to provide distance learning once campuses reopen. Some schools in Singapore are providing both online (for a short period of time) and at-school learning, to cater for students who may be delayed returning to school due to quarantine and travel restrictions. Also, if your child is in Singapore on a Student Pass, they need to be attending full-time education in order to remain in the country.
Globally, it is more than likely to be mandatory for children attending local, government-run schools to return to campus. In the UK, for example, children must return to school once they reopen and the UK government has said that, “For the vast majority of children, the benefits of being back in school far outweigh the very low risk from coronavirus (COVID-19). And, even if private and international schools do offer the option of distance learning, this will only be a short-term solution.
While the majority of students are able to be physically present on campus, others may not. Some schools are offering students a distance learning option. For example, Stamford American International School has launched Transition to Campus (TTC) Learning is launched for those students who are unable to access campus when the new semester starts.
TTC Learning is offered to all grade levels who are unable to be on-campus due to quarantine orders or Covid-19 related medical leave; Official Leave of Absence (LOA), Approved Absence (AA), or Stay at Home Notice (SHN); or an inability to enter Singapore in time for the planned start, due to travel restrictions.
While in most countries worldwide, students will not have the option to continue with online learning once schools reopen, there are some exceptions. In the UAE, for example, Dubai’s Knowledge and Human Development Authority (KHDA) has requested all private schools to offer 100% distance learning provision for the new academic year to parents who request it. This will be temporary measure “intended to help ease parents and children into an eventual return to face-to-face learning”.
A: The Ministry of Education plans to "ring-fence" students and teachers and put them on Leave of Absence when there are Covid-19 cases in a school. Rather than fully closing a school, education minister Ong Ye Kung has said that the MOE will quarantine and put students and teachers on Leave of Absence in “as small (a) scale as possible”.
Ideally, schools will keep students in self-contained classes or “bubbles” – which are not allowed to mix – so that only a small group of students would need to isolate for up to 14 days, not the entire school.
This is the approach being taken by governments worldwide. In the UK, for example, “small groups” of students and staff members will self-isolate for up to 14 days if there is a confirmed case of coronavirus in the school; the Department of Education says that “where there are two or more confirmed cases in a two-week period, health protection teams may ask a large number of other children or young people to self-isolate at home as a precautionary measure”.
A: There is always a possibility that schools could be closed again but the Singapore government seems reluctant to take this move unless absolutely necessary; as seen earlier in the year, schools in Singapore were among the last to close worldwide.
However, elsewhere in the world we have seen countries having to close their schools again or extend closures due to a second or third wave of Covid-19 cases. For example, in Hong Kong, campuses remain closed and face-to-face classes are suspended until further notice; students at international schools will start the new academic year at home. Oman has yet to announce an official date for the reopening of its public, private and international schools, and schools in Kenya will not reopen until January 2020.
A: At this time, the November 2020 exams are scheduled to take place as planned. But this could change if school closures become widespread again due to new waves of Covid-19.
The International Baccalaureate Organisation (IBO) says:
“However, as circumstances around the globe shift daily, we continue to monitor the situation closely. In the event that the exam session cannot take place, the IB will use procedures to ensure students can be assessed and awarded either the Diploma, Career-related Programme certificate or course results which reflect their standard of work.”
A: Prospective parents and visitors can only visit campuses out of school hours and an appointment must always be made; many schools are still offering virtual tours as well.
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