School Curricula Guides

UK National Curriculum

The National Curriculum of England, Wales and Northern Ireland provides a consistent framework for schools across the UK (excluding Scotland).
UK National Curriculum
Country of Origin: United Kingdom
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The National Curriculum was introduced into England, Wales and Northern Ireland as a nationwide curriculum for primary and secondary state schools following the Education Reform Act (1988).

It is not a mandatory framework for independent or private schools. Private schools are free to choose their own curriculum and examinations and many have opted for the IGCSE which is not tied to the National Curriculum.

As well as private schools, UK based academies and free schools may also set their own curricula.

Scotland has its own national curriculum.

International schools - in the UK and outside of it - clearly choose to adopt the framework, each one more or less rigorously.

The purpose of the National Curriculum has been to standardise the content taught across schools to enable assessment, which in turn enabled the compilation of league tables detailing the assessment statistics for each school.

The idea has been to raise educational standards by being able to see where there are weaknesses.

These league tables, together with the provision to parents of some degree of choice in assignment of the school for their child (also legislated in the same act) was also intended to encourage a free market by allowing parents to choose schools based on their measured ability to teach the National Curriculum.

For international schools outside the UK, the framework allows schools to benchmark themselves against their peers in the United Kingdom. 

Assessments are carried out at three ages: seven (school year 2, at the end of Key Stage 1), eleven (Year 6, the end of Key Stage 2) and fourteen (Year 9, the end of Key Stage 3). Some aspects of subjects are teacher-assessed, whilst others involve sitting an examination paper.

The results are considered when school and LEA performance league tables are being compiled, but they do not lead to any formal qualification for the candidates taking them.


Subject Key Stage 1
(age 5–7)
Key Stage 2
(age 7–11)
Key Stage 3
(age 11–14)
Key Stage 4
(age 14-16)
English x x x x
Mathematics x x x x
Science x x x x
Computing x x x x
Physical Education x x x x
Geography x x x  
History x x x  
Music x x x  
Art & Design x x x  
Design & Technology x x x  
Modern Foreign Languages   x x  
Citizenship     x x
Work-related Learning       x
Welsh (Wales only) x x x x

 The study of most subjects under the National Curriculum would usually culminate in the sitting of GCSE exams at the end of Key Stage 4.



32 Hong Kong Schools offering UK National Curriculum

School name Community District
Anfield School (Tai Wai) Sha Tin New Territories
California School Kowloon City Kowloon
Discovery Mind Primary School (Discovery Bay) Lantau Island New Territories
Discovery Mind Primary School (Tung Chung) Lantau Island New Territories
French International School Blue Pool Road Wan Chai Hong Kong Island
French International School Tseung Kwan O Tseung Kwan O New Territories
French International School, Chai Wan Eastern District Hong Kong Island
French International School, Jardine's Lookout Central & Western Hong Kong Island
Funful English Primary School Kowloon City Kowloon
German Swiss International School (The Peak campus) Central & Western Hong Kong Island
Hong Kong Adventist Academy Sai Kung New Territories
International College Hong Kong Secondary Sha Tau Kok New Territories
Invictus International School (Chai Wan) Eastern District Hong Kong Island
Island Christian Academy Central & Western Hong Kong Island
Kellett School (Kowloon Bay) Kowloon City Kowloon
Kellett School (Pok Fu Lam) Southern Hong Kong Island
Kent College Hong Kong
Kiangsu-Chekiang College, International (Foundation & Primary) Eastern District Hong Kong Island
Kiangsu-Chekiang College, International Section (Secondary) Eastern District Hong Kong Island
Korean International School Eastern District Hong Kong Island
Lantau International School (Pui O Upper Primary) Lantau Island New Territories
Lantau International School (Tong Fuk Lower Primary) Lantau Island New Territories
Mount Kelly School Hong Kong Kowloon City Kowloon
Nord Anglia International School, Hong Kong Kowloon City Kowloon
Po Leung Kuk Choi Kai Yau Kowloon City Kowloon
Sear Rogers International School Kowloon City Kowloon
Shrewsbury International School Sai Kung New Territories
Spanish Primary School Tai Po New Territories
The ISF Academy Southern Hong Kong Island
Think Academy Kowloon City Kowloon
Wycombe Abbey School Hong Kong Southern Hong Kong Island
Yew Chung International School Hong Kong (Primary) Kowloon City Kowloon

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